Artificial Timber

Timber that looks and feels like wood

Wood is warm, earthy, and feels good to the touch. That is why, wood substitutes in furniture like plastic or metal, or in flooring like ceramic tiles, for instance, never feel the same.

The artificial wood innovated by Roy Research and Technology is, hence, a winner, because it feels and looks like wood. And, just as wood has different textures and colours, so can RRT’s invention be easily varied to mimic different types of natural wood and have similar grain, texture, and appearance.

Roy Research and Technology’s artificial timber is better than other wood substitutes, because:

  • it can be made in the form of blocks, beams, and panel. Just as wood can be cut into various sizes and shapes, our artificial timber can be re-sized for various uses in furniture, flooring, or even construction.
  • its density can be changed, that is, it can be made heavier/stronger or lighter. Depending on what it is going to be used for, RRT’s artificial timber panels can be made to strong enough to take on huge loads or light enough for a baby’s cot.
  • it resembles and feels like natural timber in grain and colour. Any natural wood finish can be arrived at to present an authentic appearance.
  • it can be sawed and painted on. It can also be carved on and made into door or wall panels with elaborate  designs, for instance.
  • it has nail and screw holding capacity.
  • it is a good thermal insulator, it helps retain heat in wood houses. Wood flooring is very common in colder countries, because it helps trap heat apart from the aesthetic value. Artificial wood serves both purposes. Finally, just like natural wood, artificial wood is bio-degradable and can be powdered and disposed off safely. 

 

Roy Research and Technology’s artificial timber resembles natural wood, but apart from that, it has several advantages that natural wood lacks:

  • Termite-proof/borer-resistant.
  • Retards fire. RRT’s innovation, artificial wood, is not inflammable. This quality is one of its greatest strengths when compared to natural wood. So, the artificial wood can be safely used indoors as well as in industrial uses.
  • Is buoyant, helps make boats and other floating devices. Also, as its density can be changed, too, it is ideal material for building boats.
  • Resistant  against the action of hot water and chemicals including salts, acids, and bases. This makes it ideal in use even in industrial settings as flooring or paneling.
  • Does not rot.

Artificial wood does not wear out quickly and is built for life: it doesn’t catch fire cannot be eaten away by termites. Roy Research and Technology’s artificial wood is one of the best examples of sustainable technology. It is a clean and green product that helps earn carbon credits. It satisfies the pollution prevention hierarchy (see image to the left) identified by the Environmental Protection Agency.

That is, first and foremost, it prevents environmental pollution that is caused by fly ash lying around. It also re-uses and recycles industrial waste and converts it into a  product with economic value.

Our artificial timber invention prevents pollution in another way: it prevents widespread deforestation as it is a wood substitute that can be made available anywhere and costs much lesser than wood. Thus, by creating a brilliant replacement for a threatened esource, RRT’s artificial wood has the potential to minimize or avert ecological disaster.

The raw material for the artificial timber can be not only fly ash, but also silica, red mud, etc. And, as some sort of waste or the other is readily available anywhere in the world, it means that the technology has practical applications globally. Being able to produce artificial wood locally, there is no expensive procurement of raw material involved, thus adding to its ‘sustainable’ value.

Also, the manufacturing process of artificial wood, too, is environmentally compatible, for the following reasons:

Land requirement of just 10-15 acres for a standard plant
Low energy and water requirement
No emission of heat or pollutants of any sort
Cheaper to produce than rubber wood or plywood
Microbial grain former locally sourced  raw materials.
Finally, the artificial timber has no disposal problems.

Thus, from start to finish, artificial timber adheres to the ideals of sustainable technology.

Copyright Roy Research and Technology 2017  www.royresearch.com

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Biomass Fertilizer to Biomass Ethanol

Renewable Fertilizer for Renewable Energy

Biomass Fertilizer Plantee’s natural effect on plant cellulose yields higher and better quality biomass sugar value for the production of more ethanol from the same quantity of biomass.

If the biomass used to produce ethanol is cultivated with hydrocarbon-based fertilizers, it defeats the purpose of producing renewable energy. The inputs used to grow the biomass should be renewable so that the whole process is sustainable. Using non-renewable inputs to produce renewable products will cause the same environmental and ethical problems that we have been enduring with conventional agriculture and energy.

Biomass Fertilizer Plantee keeps to the spirit of the principle of the conservation of energy because it transfers renewable hydrocarbons and nitrogen from Biomass raw materials to produce fine high sugar value Biomass feedstock to produce ethanol.

Agriculture and Climate Change

“Climate change will pose sharp risks to the world’s food supply in coming decades, potentially undermining crop production and driving up prices at a time when the demand for food is expected to soar, scientists have found”,  – The New York Times: “Climate Change Seen Posing Risk to Food Supplies”

The manufacture of chemical fertilizer is an energy-intensive process, consuming non-renewable natural gas and releasing greenhouse gases like Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide and Methane. Nitrogen-based fertilizers are made from ammonia, which consumes five per cent of the natural gas produced globally. This quantity of natural gas amounts to two per cent of the total energy consumed globally.

Plantee Renewable Nitrogen fertilizer replaces chemical fertilizers and stops the emission of greenhouse gases emitted during the production of chemical fertilizers.  Plantee biomass fertilizer is a renewable resource and helps reduce global warming.

Agriculture is one of the major causes of pollution. The indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers has not only resulted in reduced agricultural productivity, but also in pollution of groundwater resources and marine eutrophication.  Urea and DAP fertilizers make soil acidic.

Plantee aids soil pigmentation and restores the soil’s natural appearance discoloured by chemical fertilizer over use. The chemical fertilizer run-off from the fields increases the nutrient levels in lakes and rivers and results in a spurt in algal blooms. These algae may take up all of the oxygen from the water and thus ruin other marine life. Also, leaching of the residual nitrate in groundwater has resulted in nitrate concentrations above the permissible level.

Plantee increases crop durability and yield and can be the answer to world hunger: 

Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.

Plantee protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.

Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

Waste to Resource

Roy Research and Technology has invented a technology to recycle waste like asphalt or coal tar and solid waste to make products. Bitumen as asphalt or coal tar is available as bottom waste from petroleum refinery and steel industries. The process recovers hydrocarbons from left over asphaltic tar sand and converts them to products.

Recycle waste from petroleum refinery and steel industry to make :

  1. improving  the flotation and buoyancy of ships
  2. lightweight insulated and  sandwich panel
  3. insulated solar backing
  4. filler material for hollow structural   section
  5. encapsulation of nuclear waste
  6. building insulation
  7. composite material as bulletproof vest
  8. spray blanketing material for coal powder or mineral powder/stone chips during transpor
  9. encapsulation of nuclear solid waste.
  10. road carpeting and improving river side and ocean side embankment.
  11. low-cost energy conservation system  by utilizing agriculture based reactive product for roofing
  12. void filling like filling of steel tubes, channel to improve structural strength and prevent corrosion (this was tested and certified by Govt. of India’s Ministry of Defense.)

The technology was patented and published in the USA, Canada, Spain, Mexico, Japan, UK, Italy, France, Denmark, Brazil, Germany, India and describes the method of utilizing asphalt and coal tar through eco-friendly process.

In this process leftover hydrocarbon is extracted and solid bitumen waste is liquefied during fusion with hydroxyl fatty oil. This technology replaces CFC with ethanol reactivated eco-friendly blowing agent or cell former. The products absorbs sound excellently, with damping properties.

Roy Research and Technology’s invention under United Kingdom patent publication describes various solid waste materials as fillers with various properties. Waste metallic fillers, ceramic fillers, various clays fly ash, cinders, and various slag powders.

 The materials that can be used with this technology:

  1. Sand, soapstone, steatite, talc and clay.
  2. Fly ash, cinders, various slags, red mud form the aluminium industry) glass frits, calcium and   magnesium sulphates (paper industry wastes), poly-isocyanate pitch, fertilizer waste, molasses waste, copper mud and phosphate waste (fire retardant).
  3. coconut shell powder, cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) resins, rice husks, straw powder, wood shavings and charcoal powder.
  4. Gypsum, limestone, calcite, dolomite, magnesite, basalt or granite powder (especially from deep strata like goldmines) and marble dust.